Independence Day Celebrations: Patriotic Hindi Film Songs
A day of great pride and joy, as we celebrate 70 years of independence on 15th August this year. Greetings from Mehfil Mastee team to all proud Indians.
Hindi film music is rich with patriotic songs, right form the pre-independence era till date. It was extremely difficult to include any patriotic songs prior to 1947, the British obviously not wanting the independence movement to gain any more through Hindi film songs. However, clever film makers and poets somehow managed to slip through a few of them.
The most famous patriotic song of pre-independence era, to my knowledge, is from 1943 film Kismet, written by the great Kavi Pradeep (who else but Pradeep ji!), composed by Anil Biswas, and sung forcefully by Pradeep and Amirbai Karnataki. The song clearly is a “Quit India” movement song, but words cleverly changed to “tum na kisi kea age jhukna, german ho ya japani”, to avoid any reference to Britain. On this special day, do take some time out and listen to this song, and you may be able to imagine the fervour of Quit India movement.
The golden era of Hindi film music, the 50s and 60s are golden for patriotic songs too. Some songs were from patriotic films (Vande Mataram, Anand Math, 1952; aye watan aye watan & mera rang de badanti chola, both from 1965 film Shaheed), some others were sung by or to children (aao bachcho tumhe dikhaye jhaanki Hindustan ki & hum laaye hain tufaan se, both from Jagriti, 1954; nanha munna rahi hoon, Son of India, 1962), and many others were from main stream cinema - a long, beautiful list with songs such asnanha munna rahi hoon, chhodo kal ki baatein, ye maati sabhi ki kahani kahegi, ye chaman humara apna hai, aye mere pyare watan, hothon pe sachai rehti hai and many others.
Manoj Kumar, our “Mr Bharat”, certainly gave us many beautiful patriotic songs through his movies. Apart from the songs of 1965 film Shaheed listed above, he gave us hits such as “mere desh ki dharti” (Upkar, 1967), “hai preet jahan ki reet sada” and “dulhan chali” (both from 1970 film Purab aur Paschim) and songs of the 1981 film Kranti. Chetan Anand gave some fantastic songs through Haqeeqat (kar chale hum fida) and Hindustan ki Kasam (title song).
Patriotic theme songs continued to enthral us through 90s and onwards too. Rehman gave us “Bharat hum ko jaan se pyara hai” (Roja, 1992), “Maa Tujhe Salaam” and “ye jo des hai tera” (Swades, 2004), as also the “rang de basanti” new version, inspired from the 1965 version from Shaheed. Salim-Sulaiman worked up a fervour with “Chak de India”. Late Madan Mohan’s tune was beautifully made in to “aisa desh hai mera” in 2004 film Veer Zaara, and Jatin-Lalit with Prasoon Joshi’s lyrics gave us “Des Rangila” in 2006 film Fanaa.
So the journey continues. On 15th August, when radio and TV play all these patriotic songs, they create a patriotic mood, arousing our sentiments and the heart brims with pride and joy.
On this day, we present a short medley of few patriotic songs, hope you like it. Do tell us your favourite Desh-bhakti song, and whatever else you think of.
I also take this opportunity to share an innovative piece of work by my friend Ankur Gupta, who has made a peppy tune for our national anthem, and hopes this would help us respect the official 52-seconds length for our anthem.
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